THE POPULATION PROBLEM
THE PROBLEM OF THE INCREASING NUMBERS ININDIA
THE PLANNER PROPOSES, POPULATION DISPOSES
“No country can be overpopulated if there is work for everyone”.
—–Jawahar Lal Nehru
Over-Population is one of the numerous problems facing India. It is a burning question of the day. It has been engaging the attention of the public and the press for a pretty long time. Much has been said and written about this problem of ever increasing numbers. During the last century, Malthus, a well-known economist; had stated in his famous essay on population that population increased at a much faster rate than food supply. Malthus seems to be quite true if we look at the conditions prevailing in our country to- day.
India occupies only 2.4 percent of the total land area of the world but the population of the country is 16 percent of the total global population. According to the 1991 census, the population of India had crossed the 882 million mark. What is more, it is still increasing at an alarming rate. It is rising at the rate of about one million heads every month. According to 2001 Census, the population of India crossed the 1000 million mark. This crossing of the billion mark has shaken the government and the people of India to the bones. Since 1947, the population of India has increased by 360 millions. This means we have added an entire population of the erstwhile USSR. Every year, the increase in India’s Population equals the population of Australia. The situation is just staggering. The production of food cannot keep pace with the alarming increase in numbers.
The causes of this problem are not very far to seek. Ours is a hot country. So we have a high birth rate. The boys and girls of our country grow and mature sexually at an early age. Early marriages are common even today, especially in the rural areas. Moreover, the birth of a baby is supposed to be the work of God. Illiteracy and ignorance are still rampant Bog families still carry prestige with them. So the birth rate is quite high. On the other hand, medical facilities have increased a lot since independence. It has led to decrease in the death-rate. The population is, therefore, increasing at a terrific speed. Last but not the least, there is a lack of the means of recreation for the masses. This and many other social factors are at work. They account for this serious problem facing the country.
The problem of ever increasing numbers must be solved on a top priority basis. Unless it is solved our Five Year Plans cannot raise our standard of living. No plan for employment can succeed in its absence. The food problem will remain as it is. So, for the future prosperity of the nation, every effort must be made to solve it.
A planned population control programme should be launched to check this phenomenal growth in population in our country. The first step, of course is the education of the people. Their whole mental outlook must be changed. They have to realize that it is a sin to have a large family. Besides this, an improvement in the economic condition of the people will also bring down the birth rate. Family planning schemes should be made popular. Attractive incentives should be given to those couples who come forward to plan their families. Those who refuse to all in line should be suitably penalized and discouraged. Medicines, operations and other devices, that help in checking the birth-rate should be made available to all. They should not be limited to cities only. They must reach the rural India.
With the crossing of the billion mark, the planners in the Government of India have once again started thinking of steps that can be taken of control population in the country. A suggestion has been made that the country should declare a two-year baby holiday. It has also been suggested that the one-child family norm should be adopted for with. Punitive measures are also being thought of to curb this population explosion. No hard decisions have so far been taken.
To sum up, population control is a crying need of the hour. It is a problem that concerns each citizen of our country. If we do not plan our families, we might perish one day.
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1. What is the purpose of this guide?
2. What is Open Burning?
3. How does it affect us?
4. How do we deal with the problem?
5. May I still barbecue in designated barbecue sites?
6. What types of open burning activities are prohibited?
7. Under what circumstances can I obtain a permit?
8. What are the penalties?
9. How can I help protect the environment?
Annex. Regional Offices
|What is the purpose of this guide?|
|The purpose of this guide is to describe the problems of open burning and explain the provisions for its control under the Air Pollution Control (Open Burning) Regulation. Copies of the Regulation are on sale at the Publications Sales Section of the Information Services Department (ISD) and the online Government Bookstore at http://www.gov.hk/en/apps/isdbookstore.htm. Also, they can be found on the website of the Bilingual Laws Information at http://www.legislation.gov.hk. Enquiries concerning the Regulation may be made to the Regional Offices and their addresses are given in the Annex.|
|2||What is Open Burning?|
|Open burning means burning of any materials in the open air without any enclosure nor any chimney to direct the smoke away so generated. For example, recovering metal from used electric wires or tyres, and disposal of wastes in construction sites and countryside by open burning are the common malpractice.|
|3||How does it affect us?|
|Open burning of wastes generates excessive emissions of pollutants such as dense and odorous smoke, dust, and toxic fumes. These emissions often cause serious nuisances and may threaten the health of the people in the neighbourhood.|
|4||How do we deal with the problem?|
|The Air Pollution Control (Open Burning) Regulation is introduced to prohibit open burning of construction waste, tyres, and open burning for the salvage of metal. Under very special circumstances where open burning is absolutely necessary to be carried out, the burning operation will be subjected to the control of a permit. Some open burning activities not causing any substantial emissions are exempted from the control of the Regulation.|
|5||May I still barbecue in designated barbecue sites?|
Yes, you may still enjoy barbecue. The following open burning activities are exempted from the control of the Regulation:
|6||What types of open burning activities are prohibited?|
Open burning activities for the following purposes are prohibited:
|7||Under what circumstances can I obtain a permit?|
|The purpose of the Regulation is to stop all open burning. Therefore, a permit will be granted only if the Authority is fully satisfied that there is no viable alternative to achieve the purpose. If such a case arises, you may obtain the application form and submit it to any of our Regional Offices as listed in the Annex. A fee of $2,250 will be charged for each application.|
|8||What are the penalties?|
|You will be liable to a maximum fine of $50,000 on first conviction, plus $500 for every 15 minutes for which the offence continues. For subsequent conviction, you will be liable to a maximum fine of $50,000 and 3-month imprisonment, plus $500 for every 15 minutes for which the offence continues.|
|9||How can I help protect the environment?|
|As a member of society, you can help protect the environment by refraining from carrying out prohibited open burning activities, and to advise your staff and others to abide by the regulation. Any waste should be properly disposed of at landfills or recycled at a recycling plant with emission control equipment. If you notice any open burning activities, please report the incident to our Regional Offices (see Annex) immediately so that our enforcement staff can take necessary legal action under the Regulation to stop further burning.|
|Districts / Address||Telephone No./ Facsimile No.|
EPD Territorial Control Office
28/F Southorn Centre, 130 Hennessy Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong.
Regional Office (East)
(Sai Kung, Kwun Tong, Wong Tai Sin, Kowloon City & Yau Tsim Mong)
5/F Nan Fung Commercial Centre, 19 Lam Lok Street, Kowloon Bay, Kowloon.
Regional Office (South)
(Hong Kong Island & Islands)
2/F Chinachem Exchange Square, 1 Hoi Wan Street, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong.
Regional Office (West)
(Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, Kwai Tsing & Sham Shui Po)
8/F Tsuen Wan Government Offices, 38 Sai Lau Kok Road, Tsuen Wan, New Territories.
Regional Office (North)
(Yuen Long, Shatin, Tai Po & North)
10/F Shatin Government Offices, No.1 Sheung Wo Che Road, Shatin, New Territories.